For over 100 years, atlas and map publishers in the United States and Europe published a style of map that was a visualization of the heights and lengths of the world’s mountains and rivers. Some of the earliest examples appeared in Europe towards the end of the 18th century. In the United States, the form was popular throughout the 19th century and the early part of the 20th. These maps appeared in atlases, as wall maps, and as pocket maps. One of the most elegant examples was engraved originally on copper by map publisher Henry Tanner in Philadelphia in 1836 and then continued by S. Augustus Mitchell, also of Philadelphia, in lithographic versions into the 1850’s. The example below was published by Mitchell in 1846. More examples
Die University of Chicago Press bietet die ersten beiden Volumes von The History of Cartography im PDF-Format an.
Volume One: Cartography in Prehistoric, Ancient, and Medieval Europe and the Mediterranean
Book 1: Cartography in the Traditional Islamic and South Asian Societies
Book 2: Cartography in the Traditional East and Southeast Asian Societies
Book 3: Cartography in the Traditional African, American, Arctic, Australian, and Pacific Societies
Erschienen sind die Hefte zwischen 1987 und 1998, aber für die Geschichte der Kartographie ist das wohl aktuell genug 🙂